人类的财富! 澳大堡礁总价值高达560亿澳元 | 英语头条

BBC英语 2022-01-26 11:32:29


澳大利亚的大堡礁是人类的财富

然而近年来

珊瑚白化现象严重

而且恢复困难



最近的一份报告指出

大堡礁有着极大的经济价值和生态价值

是人们不能失去的宝藏!


Great Barrier Reef worth A$56bn, report finds


The Great Barrier Reef is worth A$56bn ($42bn) and is critical to supporting economic activity in Australia, according to a new report.

据一份新的报告,大堡礁价值 560亿澳元(420亿美元),对支持澳大利亚的经济活动是至关重要的。


Deloitte Access Economics calculated the figure on the reef’s total "economic, social and icon value".

德勤经济研究所估算出了大堡礁的“经济、社会与品牌价值”的总和。


It found the reef contributes A$6.4bn to Australia’s economy and supports 64,000 jobs.

它发现大堡礁为澳大利亚创造了64亿澳元的经济价值,提供了6.4万个岗位。


The report said more should be done to protect the reef, which has been hit by recent mass coral bleaching events.

该报告称,应该采取更多的措施保护大堡礁。由于近年来大规模的珊瑚白化事件,它已被严重破坏。


The study was commissioned by the Great Barrier Reef Foundation, a charitydedicated to protecting the World Heritage-listed icon.

这项研究是受大堡礁基金会的委托进行的,该基金会一直致力于保护这一被列入世界遗产名录的标志性景点。


"This report sends a clear message that the Great Barrier Reef - as an ecosystem, as an economic driver, as a global treasure - is too big to fail," said foundation director Steve Sargent.

基金会理事史蒂夫.萨金特表示,“这份报告清楚的显示,大堡礁作为一个生态系统、一项经济动力,或是一个世界宝藏,它都大得不能倒。”


"As the largest living structure on earth and one of the world’s most complex and diverse natural ecosystems, the Great Barrier Reef is justifiably considered priceless and irreplaceable."

“作为地球上最大的生态结构体,以及全球最复杂和多样化的自然生态系统之一,大堡礁绝对是不可代替的‘无价之宝’。”


Using economic modelling, the authors calculated the reef is worth A$29bn to tourism and A$3.2bn to recreational visitors such as divers.

利用经济模型,作者计算出大堡礁的旅游价值为290亿澳元,而游客(如潜水员)的价值为32亿澳元。


It is also worth A$23.8bn in "indirect" or brand value - meaning Australians who have not visited the reef but value knowing it exists.

它的“间接”或者说品牌价值——即预计未曾到访的澳洲民众将会带来的经济贡献,亦高达238亿澳元。


The data was based on a six-month study of scientific and economic sources, and a new survey of more than 1,500 people from 11 countries.

这些数据是基于长达6个月的科学和经济信息的研究,并对来自11个国家的1500多人进行的调查。


Mr Sargent said the total value was 12 times greater than the Sydney Opera House

萨金特说,它的价值是悉尼歌剧院的12倍以上……


Lead author John O’Mahony said the results confirmed the reef had "incredible value" in terms of biodiversity, creating jobs, and reputation internationally.

该报告的主要作者约翰.马奥尼说,研究结果证实,大堡礁在生物多样性、创造就业和国际声誉方面有着“不可思议的价值”。


Mass coral bleaching in consecutive years damaged two-thirds of the reef, according to surveys in April.

4月份的一项调查显示,连年的珊瑚白化已经破坏了大堡礁2/3的珊瑚。






icon:['aɪkɒn; -k(ə)n] n.图标;偶像;肖像

bleach:[bliːtʃ] v.变白,漂白

dedicate:['dedɪkeɪt] v.致力;献身

justifiably:['dʒʌstifaiəbli] adv.无可非议地

brand:[brænd] n.商标,牌子;烙印

consecutive:[kənˈsekjətɪv] adj.连续的,连贯的



英文来源:BBC

中文翻译:爱语吧英语头条


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